7 Questions About Heart Health

When I was shopping the other day, I noticed all the Valentine’s Day cards and heart-shaped boxes filled with chocolate candy. February is a time when we express our affection for our friends, family and/or significant others through these thoughtful gestures.

We hope the colorful heart-shaped items serve as reminders to consider heart health, too.

Your beating heart really doesn’t look like a Valentine card heart, though. It’s a fist-sized pumping system with four valves and four chambers. Various blood vessels carry blood to and from your heart.

The heart circulates blood to every cell in your body as it pumps an average of 100,000 times per day. The pumping action carries oxygen and nutrients that we need to stay alive. Then the blood is pumped back to the lungs and gets “refilled” with oxygen. Fortunately for us, the process continues all day and night.

After considering that amount of daily effort, I think we should commend our hardworking hearts. During February, American Heart Month, pay a little extra attention to your heart.

Here are seven questions and goals based on current recommendations. For answers to some of these questions, you may need to check with your health-care provider for measurements or lab tests. You can learn more about heart health by visiting http://www.heart.org/MyLifeCheck.

  • What is your smoking status? If you smoke, make “no smoking” your goal. Smoking damages your heart and blood vessels.
  • Do you maintain a healthy weight? A body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 24.9 is the goal. For an online BMI calculator, you will need to you’re your current weight and height: https://tinyurl.com/zlcdvtf  Or, using a calculator, determine your BMI by dividing your weight in pounds by your height in inches squared (height time height). Then multiply the total by a conversion factor of 703.
  • Are you physically active? Move toward the current recommendation of 150 minutes of moderate activity per week.
  • Do you eat a healthful diet? Aim for 4.5 cups of fruit/vegetables per day, 3 ounces or more of whole grains per day, at least two servings of fish per week, lesson than 6 teaspoons of added sugar per day (for women) or less than 9 teaspoons of added sugar per day (for men), and less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day (moving to an ideal level of less than 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day).
  • What is your blood pressure? The goal is for the upper number (systolic) to be less than 120 millimeters of mercury and the lower number (diastolic) to be less than 80.
  • What is your blood cholesterol? A blood cholesterol level less than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) and an LDL cholesterol level less than 100 milligrams per deciliter are the recommendation.
  • What is your blood sugar value? Blood sugar fluctuates throughout the day as we eat. The goal is for your fasting blood sugar to be less than 100 mg/dL.


Chickpea and Spinach Curry

2 Tbsp. olive oil (or favorite cooking oil)
2 medium onions, peeled and finely chopped
3 cloves garlic, minced
2 tomatoes, chopped or 1 small apple, peeled, cored and chopped
3 Tbsp. flour
3 Tbsp. curry powder (or to taste)
2 c. vegetable stock
2 c. chickpeas (cooked or canned – drained and rinsed)
2 c. spinach, loosely chopped
1/2 c. seedless raisins, soaked in warm water

Heat oil in a large skillet. Add onions and saute until golden. Add garlic and tomatoes. Cook over low heat until tomatoes (or apples) are soft. In a small bowl, combine flour and curry powder; stir into onion mixture. Cook to blend into thick paste. Using medium heat, gradually add stock, chickpeas and spinach, stirring often. Add raisins and cook to desired thickness. Serve over rice or white fish.

Makes eight servings. Each serving has 150 calories, 2 grams (g) of fat, 6 g of protein, 27 g of carbohydrate, 4 g of fiber and 240 milligrams of sodium.

(Julie Garden-Robinson, Ph.D., L.R.D., is a North Dakota State University Extension Service food and nutrition specialist and professor in the Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences.)




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